Knitted Fabrics

Knit fabrics can be hand knitted or knitted on a variety of knitting machines. They are broadly divided into weft (also known as fillingfilling knits) and warpwarp knits.

Weft knits generally stretch more than warp knits. Weft knits can unravel, whereas warp knits do not unravel. Textile knitting mills typically produce either knitted yard goods or knitted end products.


Knitting Terminology

Common terminology used to describe knitted fabrics is given below:

Wale is "a column of loops lying lengthwise in the fabric. The number of wales per inch is a measure of the fineness of the fabric" (Source- Dictionary of Fibers and Textile Technology). Note: WaleWale is also a term for woven fabric.

Course is "the row of loops or stitches running across a knit fabric, corresponding to the filling in woven fabrics" (Source- Dictionary of Fibers and Textile Technology).

Fabric Count for knits is the number of wales by number of courses per inch. For example, a fabric with 18 wales and 21 courses per inch is written as 18 x 21 and read as 18 by 21. The fabric count of knit fabrics is often lower than that of woven fabrics.

Gauge (Gage) is "the number of needles per given distance in a knitting machine" (Source- Dictionary of Fibers and Textile Technology). Note: The higher the gauge, the finer the knit.

e-textbook
Fabrics

FABRICS

1. Introduction
2. Classification
3. Woven Fabrics
- Weight
- Count
- Grain
- Balance
- Width
3.1 Basic Weaves
- Construction
- Plain
- Twill
- Satin
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
3.2 Complex Weaves
- Construction
- Figure
- Surface Figure
- Pile
- Double Cloth
- Other Woven
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
4. Knitted Fabrics
4.1 Weft Knits
- Jersey Knit
- Rib Knit
- Purl Knit
- Variations
- Double Weft
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
4.2 Warp Knits
- Tricot
- Raschel
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
5. Nonwoven Fabrics
- Web Formation
- Bonding
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
6. Other Fabrics
- Multicomponent
- Open-mesh
- Tufted
- Braided
- Embroidered
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
7. Other Materials
7.1 Leather
- Faux/Imitation Leather
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
7.2 Fur
- Faux/Imitation Fur
- Performance
- End Use
- Care
 
• Terminology
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